Jonathan Schell, Presente!

March 28, 2014

The peace and disarmament community has lost one of our most eloquent champions, author and activist Jonathan Schell, who died earlier this week from cancer.

I had the distinct pleasure of working closely with Jonathan for a few years, from 1999 to 2001 when I served as director of Project Abolition, a nuclear disarmament coalition on whose Steering Committee Jonathan served (Peace Action and about a half dozen other groups were members). Jonathan was wonderful to work with, very serious, committed and very generous with his time. In informal, social settings I found him to be a delightful conversationalist and overall a very nice, kind, gentle man. A great loss. Here is a remembrance and a sample of his writing for The Nation magazine. 

–Kevin Martin

Thanks to you, Congress spoke for diplomacy

February 19, 2014

Last week, because of your continued pressure, 105 Representatives signed a letter to President Obama to support his administration’s efforts to work with the world community and seek a diplomatic solution with Iran over their nuclear program.

While some in Congress seem to want to derail diplomacy by enacting more sanctions even though the U.S. agreed not to as a part of the historic temporary agreement with Iran. This agreement significantly walks back Iran’s nuclear program while providing them with sanction relief while allowing time for the international negotiators to come to long-term agreement with Iran.

And while we have been able to keep the congressional hawks at bay, we need to continue to press for diplomacy. Please take a moment and look at the list of Representatives that signed the “Give Diplomacy a Chance” letter below and thank those that signed and admonish those who didn’t.

You can find and reach your Representative at 202-224-3121 or calling one of their local offices.

For the last eight years we have worked tirelessly for a diplomatic solution with Iran. It is now within reach and we continue to need your help.

Here’s the letter:

Dear Mr. President,

As Members of Congress—and as Americans—we are united in our unequivocal commitment to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon. The proliferation of nuclear weapons in the Middle East would threaten the security of the United States and our allies in the region, particularly Israel.

The ongoing implementation of the Joint Plan of Action agreed to by Iran and the “P5+1” nations last November increases the possibility of a comprehensive and verifiable international agreement. We understand that there is no assurance of success and that, if talks break down or Iran reneges on pledges it made in the interim agreement, Congress may be compelled to act as it has in the past by enacting additional sanctions legislation. At present, however, we believe that Congress must give diplomacy a chance. A bill or resolution that risks fracturing our international coalition or, worse yet, undermining our credibility in future negotiations and jeopardizing hard-won progress toward a verifiable final agreement, must be avoided.

We remain wary of the Iranian regime. But we believe that robust diplomacy remains our best possible strategic option, and we commend you and your designees for the developments in Geneva. Should negotiations fail or falter, nothing precludes a change in strategy. But we must not imperil the possibility of a diplomatic success before we even have a chance to pursue it.



Lee, Barbara
McNerney, Jerry
Miller, George
Negrete McLeod
Thompson, Mike



District of Columbia


Bishop, Sanford
Johnson, Hank


Davis, Danny
Kelly, Robin





Van Hollen

Lynch, Stephen



Thompson, Bennie


New Hampshire

New Jersey

New York
Clarke, Yvette

North Carolina
Butterfield, GK
Jones, Walter
Price, David

Fudge, Marcia
Ryan, Tim

Northern Mariana Islands



Puerto Rico

South Carolina

Duncan Jr

Johnson, EB



Moran, Jim
Scott, Bobby


West Virginia


Urgent Action: Tell the House, “No New Iran Sanctions, Support Diplomacy”

January 15, 2014
Last week, we asked you to contact the Senate to oppose new economic sanctions on Iran, which could scuttle the promising nuclear deal and lead to the unthinkable, another Middle East war. The good news is the bill, S. 1881 sponsored by Senators Bob Menendez (D-NJ) and Mark Kirk (R-IL), is not moving forward to a vote in the Senate, even though it has 59 co-sponsors. Your calls have made a difference; White House and Senate staffers have expressed appreciation for our grassroots pressure (so don’t let anyone tell you your voice doesn’t count anymore in Washington!).

Unfortunately (but as we suspected), the Republican House leadership is considering a vote to pass the Senate sanctions bill’s language. We need to head this off with a nonviolent “pre-emptive strike” on the House!

Please call your U.S. Representative now at 855-68-NO-WAR (855-686-6927)* and tell her or him no new Iran sanctions, don’t undermine diplomacy.

You can reference the Menendez (D-NJ) – Kirk (R-IL) Senate bill, that you don’t want that language passed in the House, but it’s not necessary. You can just tell your Representative you want no new sanctions on Iran. The U.S. and its allies agreed not to sanction Iran further while negotiations over its nuclear program are ongoing, so Congress should stay out of this and support diplomacy. It’s that simple.

Humbly for Peace,

Kevin Martin
Executive Director
Peace Action

P.S. I’m sure you are busy, but one phone call to your Representative, toll-free, at 855-68-NO-WAR (855-686-6927)* telling her or him to give diplomacy a chance and oppose any new sanctions on Iran, will make a huge difference, as it already has!

*Toll-free number generously supplied by the Friends Committee on National Legislation

Weapons Pushers vs. AARP – whose side are you on?

October 21, 2013

We’ll have more on this soon, but a New York Times article from Saturday makes very clear the Pentagon, its defenders in Congress and the merchants of death (Lockheed Martin, Boeing, Raytheon, Northrop Grumman and their ilk) seek to spare the Pentagon from $20 billion in budget cuts under sequestration, and that the money should instead be cut from education, Social Security and Medicare.

Needless to say, lots of people and organizations will oppose such misguided priorities. The American Association of Retired People (AARP) is first out of the starting gate with a radio ad campaign opposing cuts to seniors’ programs. More soon from the peace and justice and human needs forces, as this struggle is just beginning.

Diplomacy advocate lectures congregation

September 26, 2013

The Island Now
Thursday, September 26, 2013
By Bill San Antonio

As the executive director of Peace Action, the nation’s largest grassroots disarmament organization, Kevin Martin said Tuesday he has seen firsthand the militarization of the United States’ foreign policy in the last decade.

But in his lecture at the Unitarian Universalist Congregation entitled “Endless War on Peace,” Martin said he was confident that America’s recent history of military strikes and occupations of nations seen as a threat to national security would evolve into a more diplomatic approach to foreign policy – particularly because of the recent diplomatic efforts to eliminate Syria’s chemical weapons and the start of talks with Iran.

“At a certain point, we’re just not going to buy that anymore,” Martin said. “We’re just not going to buy that there’s a terrorist at every corner of the globe.”

Martin began the lecture, which was sponsored by the Shelter Rock Forum, the Great Neck SANE/Peace Action and the Long Island Alliance for Peaceful Alternatives, by calling out the names of 11 nations — China, Russia, the United Kingdom, Japan, France, Saudi Arabia, India, Germany, Italy, Brazil and South Korea – whose combined military budgets equals what the United States spends on its own military each year.

But for all its spending, Martin said the United States is ranked No. 99 on the Global Peace Index, tied with Papua New Guinea despite being known as the world’s last superpower.

“We can’t keep doing this, we can’t keep marauding around the world and trying to kill more terrorists than we create, because we will fail,” Martin said.

Martin said the U.S. spends approximately $600 billion each year on its military and $1 trillion on national security, and in the next 10 years will implement a $200 million arms refurbishment program.

“How do we have any credibility going to Iran or anyone else, saying they shouldn’t have weapons of mass destruction, shouldn’t have nuclear weapons, when we not only intend to keep ours, we intend to modernize them?” Martin said.

Martin also cited a University of Massachusetts study that said military spending is the worst way to create jobs and stimulate the economy, adding that the money America puts toward military spending could better serve the job market if it were used on education.

“Military spending does not help our economy in any way other than keep people employed,” Martin said. “If you can separate the nonsense about the economic benefits of military spending from the real security issues we have in this country, we can win that argument.”

Martin said the mainstream media has more recently played a role in more diplomatic measures in America’s foreign policy.

With Syria, Martin said the mainstream media took greater interest in covering the different angles toward President Obama’s recent request to Congress for a military strike on Syria after those who have been known to be pro-war were coming out against the strike.

Within a day or two, Martin said the media began covering what he called “better alternatives” to avoid the strike, such as sending supplies and weapons to those who are fighting off the Syrian army and rebel fighters who may have ties to terrorist organizations.

“That’s when I knew Obama was sunk, because he could try to scare us or try some fandango, but once better alternatives were out there, he lost control of the conversation,” Martin said.

Martin added that there could be a “spillover effect” from the diplomatic solution toward America’s approach to Syria that could impact future negotiations with Iran over the destabilization of its nuclear program.

“Now diplomacy seems like this limb we’ve learned to use again,” Martin said.

Martin said he does not think major arms manufacturers will continue to have a strong influence in lobbying the federal government into increased military spending, if better alternatives continue to present themselves in America’s foreign policy and people continue pushing for peace.

“If peace actually breaks out, you just can’t justify using such a huge percentage of our tax dollars on tanks and missiles and that $200 million over the next 10 years to refurbish our weapons,” Martin said. “You just can’t justify that anymore.”

If the United States opted for diplomacy more frequently, Martin said the short-term effect would be that other countries would fear and hate the United States less, though its history of invasions and military attacks would likely mean it would take longer for the world to “love us more.”

But the process of healing America’s reputation around the world starts with money coming out of the “war machine” and being put toward more “life-affirming functions,” and for people to “stand up for the values this country says its for” and be more vocal about a peaceful and diplomatic foreign policy, Martin said.

“We have hope, we have real solutions, we have better alternatives, we have better policies,” Martin said. “They have a lot of money and guns and weapons, but really all they have is fear.”

Who is going to the UN this week?

September 23, 2013

Who will be at the United Nations (UN) this week? President Obama, Iranian President Rouhani and Peace Action! 1240099_10151920776585856_533013440_n

Why? This week the UN General Assembly convenes its annual meeting and the first ever General Assembly sponsored High Level Meeting on Nuclear Disarmament will be held.

The UN is the most important international institution which brings big and small, nuclear and non-nuclear countries to sit around the same table. It is a place where peace and diplomacy have a chance, if we keep the pressure on.

We, together with governments, the Vatican and peace movements around the world got the White House to give diplomacy a chance in Syria, for now. We must keep the pressure on for diplomacy to have a chance with Iran.

Let’s do it again: sign the petition which will be sent to the White House tomorrow. President Obama: diplomacy, not war!

Just as you did on Syria, please take steps today to maximize the grassroots pressure on the White House.

1. Sign the petition and share this email with your friends.

2. Our friends at the Ploughshares Fund asked Iranian-American comedian Maz Jobrani and Jewish-American comedian Elon Gold to do a video to promote peace between the U.S. and Iran. You can watch and share the video here:

3. Our colleagues at Just foreign Policy created a meme for Facebook. You can go to our Facebook page and share it with your friends.

Peace Action has Non-Governmental Organization status at the UN. We, Judith Le Blanc, Field Director, Alicia Godsberg, executive director of Peace Action NYS and Kevin Martin, Executive Director will be participating in the UN High Level Meeting on Nuclear Disarmament. Check the Peace BlogFaceBook and Twitter: @PeaceAction for updates.

Round up of Faith Based Statements on Syria

September 5, 2013

From: Jean Stokan, Director, Institute Justice Team, Sisters of Mercy of the Americas

Below is a compilation of some of the faith group statements opposing military action in Syria—not exhaustive.  Most, if not all, are very vigorously engaging grassroots/members in calling Members of Congress, promoting letters to the editor, vigils, etc.  Also a link follows to a compelling  letter from Trappist Nuns in Syria: “Blood Fills our Streets, our eyes, our hearts”  (

-          Pope Francis: violence begets violence

-          Pax Christi International:

-          Pax Christi USA: (links to US Bishops and Pope’s statements on web site)

-          US Conference of Catholic Bishops:

-          Sisters of Mercy of the Americas:

-          NETWORK: National Catholic Social Justice Lobby:

-          Maryknoll Office for Global Concerns and action items from CMSM, incl.  Syrian bishop speaking out against U.S. Military Action:

-          NCR Article:  What moral theologians say about getting involved in Syria

-          Sojourners:

-          Pax Christi USA: (links to US Bishops and Pope’s statements on web site)

-          Mennonite Church USA: and

-          United Church of Christ and Disciples of Christ: and

-          Presbyterians (PCUSA):

Also, FYI, today in Nicaragua, US volunteers/missioners there are holding a demonstration outside the US Embassy…joining the international outcry.

Song from Hiroshima on the 68th anniversary of the atomic bombing

August 6, 2013

This was the song sung at the closing ceremony here in Hiroshima today, August 6, 2013, at the closing ceremony of the Japan Congress Against the A- and H-Bombs (Gensuikin) Conference. Translated to English by my hosts

How can I forgive the Atomic Bomb?

My hometown was burnt to ashes
Upon the cindered ground where I buried my mother and father now white flowers bloom; Oh
How can I forgive the Atomic Bomb?
We will never again allow the Atomic Bomb on our cities.

The Seas of my homeland are raging
In the pitch-black radioactive rainfall, no joy is brought here anymore. On the solitary boat upon
the turbulent sea No one is left; Oh, how can i forgive the Atomic Bomb?
We will never again allow the Atomic Bomb on our sea.

The sky of my homeland is dark and heavy The black clouds loom over the land day after day No
sunshine lights up the sky anymore; Oh, How can I forgive the Atomic Bomb?
We will never again allow the Atomic Bomb in our sky.

All the happiness and the wealth brought by the labor Of our brothers and sisters Is now in vain;
Oh, how can i forgive the Atomic Bomb?
We will never again allow the Atomic Bomb anywhere on Earth


Peace Action Opposes Pentagon Spending Bill

July 23, 2013

The House is now taking up the bill that funds the Pentagon.  Call your Rep and oppose Pentagon spending.  202-224-3121.  Here is our position:

Dear Congressional Staff:

Peace Action urges a no vote on H.R. 2397 – Department of Defense Appropriations Act of 2014.  We also have vote recommendations on key amendments listed below.


Paul Kawika Martin

Political Director

Peace Action (formerly SANE/Freeze)




Sponsor # Description Peace Action Position


14. Polis (CO) #92 Strikes $107,000,000 for 14 Ground-based Interceptors and reduces the deficit by the same amount.  SUPPORT


15. Blumenauer (OR), Conyers (MI) #53 Reduces funding for the Ohio-class submarines by 10 percent to help prepare the Department of Defense for the sequestration.   SUPPORT


20. Nadler (NY), Garamendi (CA), Polis (CO) #125 Cuts $70 million of unrequested funds for the East Coast Missile Defense site and dedicate that funding to deficit reduction instead.  SUPPORT


23. Moran, James (VA), Smith, Adam (WA) #154 Strikes sections 8107, which prohibits funding to transfer or release any individual detained at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba into the United States, its territories, or possessions. Strikes section 8198, which prohibits funding to transfer any individual detained at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba to a country of origin or other foreign country or entity unless the Secretary of Defense makes certain certifications. Strike Section 8109, which prohibits funding to modify any United States facility (other than the facility at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba) to house any individual detained at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.  SUPPORT


24. Terry (NE) #14 Increases Defense wide O/M by $1 billion, while reducing funding in the Afghanistan Security Forces Fund by $2.6 billion. The reduction would be in order to give DOD more flexibility to offset civilian furloughs.  SUPPORT


25. Poe (TX) #162 Cuts funding to Pakistan by $600 million.  SUPPORT


27. Walberg (MI), Cohen (TN), Esty (CT), Rigell (VA) #59 Reduces the Afghanistan Infrastructure Fund by $79 million and transfer the savings to the Spending Reduction Account.  SUPPORT


28. Cicilline (RI) #64 Reduces appropriations for the Afghanistan Infrastructure Fund by $279,000,000 and apply the savings to the spending reduction account.  SUPPORT


29. Cohen (TN) #66 Reduces the Afghanistan Infrastructure Fund from $279 million to $140 million and transfers the savings to deficit reduction.  SUPPORT


30. Coffman (CO), Garamendi (CA), Murphy, Patrick (FL), Cohen (TN) #43 Decreases the Afghanistan Security Forces Fund by $553.8M (contract to Rosoboronexport for 30 Mi-17 helicopters) and increases the Spending Reduction Account by the same amount.  SUPPORT


31. Cicilline (RI) #63 Reduces appropriations for the Afghanistan Security Forces Fund by $60 million and increase appropriations for the Defense Health Program by $14 million. Within this increase, $13 million in additional funds would be provided to 

fund peer-reviewed traumatic brain injury and psychological health research and $1 million in additional funds would be provided to fund peerreviewed alcohol and substance abuse disorders research in order to ensure the Department meets the health needs of American military personnel.  SUPPORT


33. Garamendi (CA) #57 Cuts $2,615,000,000 from the Afghan Security Forces Fund.  SUPPORT


34. Poe (TX) #163 Eliminates the waiver to conditions on aid to Pakistan.  SUPPORT


39. Wittman (VA) #35 Provides that none of the funds made available by this Act may be used to propose, plan for, or execute an additional Base Realignment and Closure round.  OPPOSE


40. Broun (GA) #90 Prohibits the Department of Defense from using any funds to propose, plan for, or execute an additional Base Realignment and Closure round involving military installations located within the United States.  OPPOSE


44. DeLauro (CT), Moran, James (VA), Wolf (VA), McGovern (MA), Bridenstine (OK), Connolly (VA), Garamendi (CA), Cohen (TN) #65 Prohibits funds to train the Afghan Special Mission Wing (SMW) to operate or maintain Mi-17 helicopters manufactured by Russia’s state arms dealer that the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction reports the SMW does not have the capacity to use.  SUPPORT


45. Lee, Barbara (CA), Blumenauer (OR), Schrader (OR), Conyers (MI), Polis (CO) #132 Reduces funding by 1%, excluding the Defense Health Program and Military Personnel Accounts.  SUPPORT


46. Quigley (IL) #41 Limits funds made available in the bill to operate and maintain no more than 300 land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles.  SUPPORT


47. Denham (CA) #88 Prohibits funds from being used to implement the Trans Regional Web Initiative.  SUPPORT


48. Jones (NC) #19 Restricts the use of funds approved by this Act from being used to carry out activities under the United States – Afghanistan Strategic Partnership Agreement, without being approved by Members of Congress.  SUPPORT


49. Jones (NC) #20 Restricts the use of funds approved by this Act from being used to carry out activities under the United States – Afghanistan Strategic Partnership Agreement.  SUPPORT


52. Lamborn (CO), Lummis (WY), Daines (MT), Cramer, Kevin (ND) #109 Prohibits the use of funds to conduct an environmental impact study on ICBMs.  OPPOSE


55. Mulvaney (SC), Van Hollen (MD), Coffman (CO), Murphy, Patrick (FL) #44 Reduces funds made available in the Overseas Contingency Operations budget by $3,546,000,000 to better correspond with the President’s request. Protects all amounts made available for the National Guard and Reserve Component Equipment modernization shortfalls for homeland defense and emergency response.  SUPPORT


58. Rogers, Mike (AL) #10 Provides that none of the funds made available by this act may be used to carry out reductions to the nuclear forces of the United States to implement the New START Treaty.  OPPOSE


59. Rohrabacher (CA) #168 Prohibits any funds in the bill from being provided to Pakistan.  SUPPORT


61. Turner (OH), Rogers, Mike (AL) #27 Prevents funds from being used to reduce strategic delivery systems and ensures that the President is in compliance with the Arms Control and Disarmament Act.  OPPOSE


62. Walorski (IN) #38 Prohibits any funds made available by this Act from being used to transfer or release detainees from Guantanamo Bay to Yemen.  OPPOSE


65. Bonamici (OR) #98 Prevents the retirement, divestment, transfer, or preparation to do so of C-23 aircraft used by the National Guard and to designate $34 million for the sustainment and operation of the C-23 aircraft in a viable state. OPPOSE


69. Nadler (NY) #123 Prevents the further detention of Guantanamo Bay detainees that have already been cleared for release.  SUPPORT


70. Nadler (NY) #124 Prevents further construction or expansion of existing facilities at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.  SUPPORT


72. Brooks (AL) #5 Prohibits funds from this Act to be used to implement or execute any agreement with the Russian Federation concerning the missile defenses of the United States.  OPPOSE


73. Schiff (CA) #178 Prohibits funding the use of force pursuant to the Authorization for Use of Military Force (AUMF, PL 107-40) effective on December 31, 2014 – concurrent with the end of our combat role in Afghanistan.  SUPPORT


84. Esty (CT) #69 Reduces funding for the Afghanistan Infrastructure Fund for overseas contingency operations by $25,000,000 and redirect those funds to the Spending Reduction Account.  SUPPORT


86. Griffin (AR) #6 Provides that none of the funds made available by this Act may be used to cancel or modify the avionics modernization program of record for C–130 aircraft.  OPPOSE


89. Nunes (CA), Costa (CA), Langevin (RI), Keating (MA), Cicilline (RI), Valadao (CA) #110 Prohibits the Secretary of the Air Force from using FY14 funds for the reduction in force structure at Lajes Field, Azores Portugal.  OPPOSE


93. Grayson (FL) #73 Prevents contracts from being awarded to contractors who have been convicted within the last three years for crimes against the federal government such as fraud, theft, bribery, making false statements, and tax evasion.  SUPPORT


94. Grayson (FL) #84 Provides that none of the funds made available by this Act may be used to engage in an act covered by or described in 18 USC 2340A (torture or conspiracy to commit torture).  SUPPORT


96. LoBiondo (NJ) #3 Prohibits funding for Department of Defense aviation demonstration teams to perform outside of the United States.  SUPPORT


97. Radel (FL) #102 Prohibits the use of any funds with respect to military action in Syria to the extent such action would be inconsistent with the War Powers Resolution.  SUPPORT


98. Massie (KY), Amash (MI), Yoho (FL) #105 Provides that no funds made available by this Act may be used to fund military or paramilitary operations in Egypt.  SUPPORT


99. Nugent (FL) #147 Ensures none of the funds may be used by the NSA to target a US person or acquire and store the content of a US person’s communications, including phone calls and e-mails.  SUPPORT


100. Amash (MI), Conyers (MI), Mulvaney (SC), Polis (CO), Massie (KY) #101 Ends authority for the blanket collection of records under the Patriot Act. Bars the NSA and other agencies from using Section 215 of the Patriot Act to collect records, including telephone call records, that pertain to persons who are not subject to an investigation under Section 215.  SUPPORT

Update – Vote to Cut Funding for B-61 Nuclear Bomb between 2-3 pm (EDT) today, Still Time to Call Your Rep!

July 10, 2013

Update:  The B61 vote will happen today sometime after 2pm.  It’s not too late to generate calls or emails to your representative.  Don’t forget to post on Facebook and Tweet your friends asking for calls.  We count over 150 votes in favor of cutting funds for the B61, so we are within striking range of winning.  You can help push it over the edge…

I am forwarding you our alert from yesterday with all necessary information, including, at the very bottom, a swing list of members that need special encouragement.  

Dear Kevin,

Today the House of Representatives is considering the Energy and Water Appropriations bill where, surprisingly, much of the United States nuclear weapons programs are funded.  We expect a vote tonight or tomorrow for an amendment to cut millions of dollars to unnecessarily “modernize” the B61 nuclear warhead — the oldest nuclear bomb in the U.S. arsenal.

Call your Representative at (202) 224-3121
 (they will connect you to your Rep. with your ZIP code) right now and say:

Please tell Rep. [your rep’s name] to vote for the Quigley amendment to the Energy & Water Appropriations bill to cut funding for the B61 nuclear bomb.

At a time when we should be reducing our nuclear weapon stockpile, the federal government wants to upgrade the B61 nuclear bomb at a cost of over $10 billion.  Fortunately, Rep. Mike Quigley (D-IL) will offer an amendment to cut funds for the B61 nuclear bomb.

With the vote on the amendment likely to occur within 24 hours,  please call the Capitol switchboard now at (202) 224-3121 and ask your Representative to cut funding for the B61 nuclear bomb.

Votes to cut wasteful spending on unneeded nuclear weapons are a rarity.  Please call now and forward this email to your friends, family and colleagues.


Humbly for Peace,

Kevin Martin
Executive Director
Peace Action

PS: Thanks for taking a brief moment to call your Representative now at (202) 224-3121 and saying, “please vote for the Quigley amendment to the Energy & Water Appropriations bill to cut funding for the B61 nuclear bomb.”  Now, forward this email along to everyone you can.

PPS:The list of key swing votes follows:

Barrow (GA)
Castro (TX)
Green, Al
Green, Gene
Lujan Grisham (NM)
Luján, Ben Ray (NM)
Maloney, Sean
Miller, George
Peters (CA)
Peters (MI)
Ryan (OH)
Sanchez, Loretta
Sewell (AL)
Swalwell (CA)
Thompson (MS)
Wasserman Schultz


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